從生活學多益

【解析】什麼是分詞? #基礎篇

觀念入門

1. 分詞的種類及用法:

分詞可分為現在分詞與過去分詞:

現在分詞過去分詞
beV-ing=進行式

(1) 現在分詞表:主動、進行(令人……)
havep.p.=完成式 bep.p.=被動式

(2) 過去分詞表:被動、完成(感到……)

2. 分詞的位置:

             種類 用法現在分詞過去分詞
修飾語分詞+Na sleeping babya broken window
N+分詞a girl writing a lettera letter written in English
補語S+V+S.C.He sat reading a book.I was surprised at the news.
S+V+O+O.C.I found him standing at the door.I has my car washed.

3. 分詞的用法:

(1) 作主要動詞的一部分:

a. 現在分詞表主動、進行。

b. 過去分詞表被動、完成。

用法例句
beV-ing =進行式I am writing in the room. (我正在房間裡寫信。) It is raining now. (天在下雨。)
bep.p. =被動語態The book was written in English. (這本書是用英文寫的。)
havep.p. =完成式I have read the book already. (我已經看完這本書。)

(2) 作形容詞修飾名詞:

a. 前位修飾(放在名詞之前)。

用法例句
V-ingNA rolling stone gathers no moss. (滾石不生苔;轉業不聚財。)
p.p.NA lost opportunity never returns. (錯過的機會永不再來。)

b. 後位修飾(放在名詞之後)。

用法例句
N+V-ingDo you know the lady getting out of the car? (你認識那個正從車子出來的女士嗎?)
N+p.pThe language spoken in the United States is English. (在美國說的語言是英語。)

(3) 作補語:

a. 作主詞補語:

用法例句
S+V+S.C.現在分詞The dog came running to me. (這隻狗向我跑過來。) He sat there reading a novel. (他坐在那兒看小說。)
過去分詞The teacher sat there surrounded by his pupils. (老師被學生圍坐在那裡。)

b. 做受詞補語:

用法例句
S+V+O+S.C.現在分詞I watched many children playing in the park. (我看到很多小孩在公園玩。) I heard her singing a song. (他坐在那兒看小說。) Don’t keep me waiting too long. (不要讓我等太久。)
過去分詞I heard my name called. (我聽到有人叫我的名字。) I had my car washed. (我叫人洗我的車。) I found the book stolen. (我發現這本書被偷了。)




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