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【解惑】形容詞子句 #基礎篇

關係子句

  • 關代可否省略的時機:
    • 可省略:
    • (1)關係子句中已有主詞,關代不當主詞時
    • (2)關代雖當主詞用,和beV.一起省略

例:I know the girl (whom) you’re talking about.  I know the girl (who is) next to you.

  • 不可省略:
  • (1)關代當主詞用,後接一般動詞
  • (2)關代當受詞用,前面有介系詞

例:I know the girl who sings the song well. 

  • 關代的人稱、數必須和先行詞一致

例:I, who   your friend, will help you. 

You, who  my friend, can understand me.

  • 關代的「格」:須看關代在關係子句中的位置而定。如為主詞,則用主格(後接動詞);如為動詞或介系詞的受詞,則用受格;如為形容詞(…的;後接名詞),則用「所有格」
先行詞種類主格所有格受格
whowhosewhom
事物、動物whichwhose of whichwhich
人、事物、動物that——–that

  • 關代that必用及不可用的時機:
    • 必用:
      • 先行詞前有「最高級」形容詞時:He is the tallest boy that I have ever met.
      • 先行詞是「人和動物或事物」時:I saw Mary and her dog that were walking in the park.
      • 先行詞前有「序數」時:He is the first boy that came this morning.
      • 先行詞前有 “all, no, every, any, the only, the same, the very” 時
      • 疑問句開頭是who, which,為避免重覆時:Who’s the boy that is sitting under the tree?
    • 不可用:

(1)「介系詞」後面:This is the house in that he lives. (x) 需改成which   

(2)「逗點」後面:Your brother, that is a PE teacher, can run fast. (x) 需改成 who     

(3)先行詞為people及those的句子:People that are nice will help others. (x) 需改成 who    

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